Supermarkets: A Super Market?

Paul is a member of The Motley Fool Blog Network -- entries represent the personal opinion of the blogger and are not formally edited.

People need to eat.  It's just a fact of life, and as such the supermarket industry fared better than many in the recent downturn. However, several stores still suffered because of longer-term trends. 

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SuperValu (NYSE: SVU) combines its supermarket business with a wholesale food logistics business. It operates or licenses around 1500 stores, mostly in the budget line Save-A-Lot which has 1,331 stores. The company also operates 29 distribution centers forming the largest food logistics business in the country. Its financials are weak, having suffered a loss of $1.04 billion in 2012, although the company did reduce its outstanding debt by about $500 million. The company's main focus to get itself out of this rut is "hyperlocal" retailing. Sprinkled through the company's literature is the idea that it intends to become America's neighborhood grocer (SuperValu Inc.). It have given managers more control over their stores and engaged in a number of other actions in pursuit of this goal. This plan was launched in 2012, and may well be successful; with the rise of organic foods and the push to buy locally, farmers markets and other such stores with a similar approach have done reasonably well. However, it is too early to see if this approach will work for SuperValu. 


Safeway (NYSE: SWY) is in a better position than SuperValu. The company's baseline revenue is increasing rapidly and with it so is its profitability. Total in-store sales were up about 5%, and earnings-per-share were up about 21%. The company's debt level is rather high at $5.57 billion, and it is increasing slowly. However, a high level of debt is common in this industry and should not necessarily cause significant concern. Furthermore, the company's debt is backed by a large asset base of $15.47 billion ( This is combined with a low price-to-earnings ratio of 8.63, less than half of the market average. One would expect a ratio like this if the company was faltering or at least not growing, but that is not the case. Furthermore, it has a dividend yield of 3.5%, which provides nice payments as it grows  (Yahoo! Finance). So this stock has significant growth potential and is already starting to grow, having increased by 22% in the last six months. It has an established position in a stable industry, however, and thus will likely provide steady, albeit low, returns even if it does not continue to surge in price. 


Krogers (NYSE: KR) offers an interesting case in that its financials are sound. Unlike some of its competitors, for example, it has an investment-grade debt rating and is growing in a number of sectors. Notably, its pharmacy business grew strongly, including attracting and retaining Express Scripts business (Krogers). Its market share increased in 10 of its 19 markets.  It also offers a dividend of about 1.8% and has a price-to-earnings ratio of only 12.36. There is one substantial downside, however. Throughout its most recent investor call, it made statements about how it is committed to accomplishing various goals but does not state how it actually will go about accomplishing them, even when it has failed to accomplish the same goals in the past. This raises the question of whether it has a plan or a clear sense of direction. The stock has been doing well recently, up by a little under 40% over the last six months, but unless the company can get a clear sense of direction, it will likely falter (Yahoo Finance). 

Whole Foods Market

Whole Foods Market (NASDAQ: WFM) started out as a large health food store. In the years since, the company has transformed into the juggernaut of the supermarket industry. It is achieving margins of 6.4% and in-store growth of 8.4%. Unlike traditional grocery stores, the natural food industry has much potential for growth and Whole Foods Market is taking advantage of that. The company intends to grow from 350 stores to 1000 in the next ten years (Supermarket News). The beginning of its Annual Report is essentially a brag sheet. It is expanding both within its own markets and into new markets. The company's debt was rated investment-grade again, and it also raised its dividend.  Furthermore, it also has a strong online presence and we can clearly see the strong growth that the store has achieved over the last few years. Although it is not one of the leading supermarkets today by number of stores, it likely will be soon. Whole Foods Market even continues to be one of the best companies to work for. It has managed to achieve a number of successes over the past couple of years, and there is no reason to not expect this growth to continue. The one main caveat is that its success has been well recognized, and so much of its potential is already priced into the stock: its price-to-earnings ratio is 37.82, substantially higher than the market as a whole. 

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Supermarkets: a super market?

The supermarket has not been an exciting place to be recently with the exception of star performer Whole Foods Market. That will likely change in the upcoming years, however. SuperValu has been faltering recently is searching for a new direction. Krogers also searches for a new direction, but has been doing better recently. It may well be best to adopt a wait-and-see approach with respect to these two in the upcoming years. Safeway, on the other hand, had a successful year last year and will likely be able to keep that up, and even if it does not it gives out a nice dividend. Whole Foods Market has also been doing well, but it successes are already reflected in its price.

It's hard to believe that a grocery store could book investors more than 30 times their initial investment, but that's just what Whole Foods has done for those who saw the organic trend coming some 20 years ago. However, it may not be too late to participate in the long-term growth of this organic foods powerhouse. In this premium report on the company, we walk through the key must-know items for every Whole Foods investor, including the main opportunities and threats facing the company. So make sure to claim your copy today by clicking here.


Paul Sangrey has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Whole Foods Market. The Motley Fool owns shares of Supervalu and Whole Foods Market. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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