Which Stocks are Hidden Treasures?

Ryan is a member of The Motley Fool Blog Network -- entries represent the personal opinion of the blogger and are not formally edited.

In one of my past assignments, I worked as an Associate Brand Manager at a Fortune 100 company.  That company attempted to differentiate itself from the competition by having a superior understanding of the customer.  

In that assignment, we did a number of things such as shop-alongs (where you literally shop alongside someone, make observations, and ask probing questions to help you understand how they make purchasing decisions), research studies, videotaping, interviews, and focus groups. 

From both the focus groups and interviews, a key insight that I vividly remember about the Dollar Channel (Family Dollar, Dollar General, and Dollar Tree) was how people thought about the shopping experience.  An overwhelming number of people described the shopping experience almost exactly the same way: "like treasure hunting." 

And I was also surprised that even people from the upper-middle class enjoyed shopping at Dollar Stores because "you never know what you are going to find there." 

That was somewhat surprising to me, because prior to those discussions I had unfairly assumed that the only people who shopped at those stores were people of very modest means with little disposable income, when in fact many fairly well-off people shop there, particularly when they “want to buy a small gift for someone” or "need prizes for games." 

So maybe that helps explain why many of these “recession stocks” or “trade down plays” have low betas and can perform well in any market.

Now I am going to go bargain hunting in the Dollar Channel (including Big Lots) and see if there are any hidden treasures.

Are Big Lots (NYSE: BIG), Dollar General (NYSE: DG), Dollar Tree (NASDAQ: DLTR), and Family Dollar (NYSE: FDO) hidden treasures in today’s market?

Big Lots

Big Lots operates broadline closeout retail stores in the United States and Canada. Similar to some of the larger retailers, it operates six merchandise categories: Consumables (food, health and beauty, plastics, paper, chemical, pet supplies), Furniture (upholstery, mattresses, ready-to-assemble, bedroom, dining room, fireplaces, furniture), Home (domestics, stationery, home decorations), Seasonal (lawn & garden, holidays, summer), Play n' Wear (electronics, toys, jewelry, infant accessories, and apparel) and Hardlines & Other (appliances, tools, paint, home maintenance).  

Big Lots trades at a P/E ratio of slightly less than 13 and is up by more than 17% year-to-date.  Still, this company is trading well off its 52-week high of $47.22.  Big Lots has a net profit margin of around 4% and a forecasted 5-year earnings growth rate of 9.65%.  A 12-week target price in the $37 – $40 range suggests a healthy yearly return of around 10% – 20%.  Big Lot’s next reporting date is March 1.    

Dollar General

Dollar General also operates as a discount retailer in the United States.  Dollar General offers national brands as well as private label brands at substantial discounts to national brands.  Similar to Wal-Mart, Dollar General offers its merchandise at everyday low prices.  Except that there is one major difference: store size.  To put that into perspective, Dollar General’s average store size is a mere 7,200 square feet, compared to 102,000 square feet for an average Wal-Mart Discount store (Supercenters average 197,000 square feet).  That means that it is very easy to change the layout and product offerings, as well as to open and close stores.            

Dollar General trades at a P/E ratio of slightly less than 17 and is up around 4% year-to-date.  Like Big Lots, Dollar General is also well off its 52-week high.  Dollar General has a net profit margin of more than 5% and a forecasted 5-year earnings growth rate of around 17%.  A 12-week target price in the $50 – $53 range suggests a yearly return of around 10% – 15%.  Dollar General’s next reporting date is March 25.

Dollar Tree

Dollar Tree owns and operates discount variety stores that merchandise at low, fixed prices. This company operates stores under the names Dollar Tree, Deal$, Dollar Tree Deal$, Dollar Giant and Dollar Bills. Dollar Tree offers a wide selection of basic products and it supplements those offerings with seasonal, closeout and promotional merchandise.  Dollar Tree’s merchandise mix consists of three types: Consumables (candy and food, health and beauty, plastics, paper, chemicals), Variety (toys, gifts, party goods, greeting cards), and Seasonal (Easter, Halloween, Christmas).

Dollar Tree also trades at a P/E ratio that is slightly less than 17, and is also up around 4% year-to-date.  This company is well off its 52-week high.  Dollar Tree has a net profit margin of more than 7% and a forecasted 5-year earnings growth rate that is also nearly identical to Dollar General’s forecasted rate of 17%.  A 12-week target price in the $46 – $48 range suggests a yearly return of around 10% – 15%. 

Family Dollar Stores

Family Dollar Stores operates general merchandise retail discount stores. Family Dollar’s products are categorized under consumables, home products, apparel and accessories, and seasonal and electronic products.  Similar to Dollar General stores, Family Dollar stores are small.  A Family Dollar store, for instance, is between 7,500 and 9,500 square feet.  Furthermore, on average a typical store only carries approximately 6,500 – 7,000 basic stock keeping units, which reduces the complexity of operations.      

Family Dollar trades at a P/E ratio of slightly less than 16 and is down around 10% year-to-date.  Family Dollar has a net profit margin of around 4% and a forecasted 5-year earnings growth rate of approximately 13%.  A 12-week target price in the $62 - $64 range suggests a yearly return of around 10% – 14%.  Family Dollar’s next reporting date is April 10. 

My Foolish take

Dollar General, Dollar Tree, and Family Dollar Stores all appear to have outstanding return on equities, strong cash flows, conservative capital structures, and fairly lofty growth expectations.  Over the next few quarters, however, it will be interesting to see whether or not these companies can expand their margins and find ways to grow without sacrificing financial performance.  After all, over the past few years many of these companies have grown earnings by double the average of the S&P or more.  All in all, because the companies have very similar business models and valuations, it is hard to advocate one over another.  That said, I feel that all of these companies are reasonably valued and that you can reasonably expect any one of them to deliver a healthy return in the 10% – 15% range.

A large concern with Big Lots, though, is that its market cap fell below $2 billion.  As a consequence, it will be removed from the S&P 500 and replaced by clothing manufacturer PVH.  Another concern with this company is that it has been unable to show sustainable long-term growth that could lead to higher profits.  And its operating margins are weak.  On the other hand, Big Lots has beaten the Street’s earnings estimates by an average of 6% over the past six quarters, its return on equity is very strong, and it has a low price to cash flow ratio of around six.  Compared with the other three stocks, I expect to see more volatility with this stock over the next several months.           


RyanPeckyno has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of Big Lots. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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