Bargain Hunting in Brazil

Ryan is a member of The Motley Fool Blog Network -- entries represent the personal opinion of the blogger and are not formally edited.

A few years ago Brazil – a member of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) – was the hottest emerging market on the planet.  Brazil’s stock market returned a remarkable 350% from 2004 to 2008.  By contrast, the S&P returned a solid 40% over that same time period. 

Then Brazil made a series of policy blunders, such as raising interest rates and interfering with capital markets, that soured investors and sent stock prices down sharply. 

The Government of Brazil, for instance, coerced the leadership of Petrobras into trading energy reserves for shares.  As a consequence, the Brazilian Governmental gained control of Petrobras (the Brazilian Government now reportedly has a 54% stake).  Moreover, the dilution of shares decreased share performance and shareholder return. 

Brazil also limited the price at which Petrobras can sell gasoline to consumers.    

Furthermore, the Government of Brazil has increased its regulation of the banking and utility sectors.  The Government of Brazil, for example, reduced the spreads between what banks borrow and lend at as well as fees for consumers.  Separately, it also attempted to reduce the price of energy. 

All in all, almost every company in Brazil seems to have had an issue with either governmental interference or weak global demand or both. 

So with investor sentiment and expectations at low levels is it time to consider investing in Brazil?  Has the market already assumed the worst possible case scenario for Brazil?  Is Brazil going to turn things around or is the worst yet to come?

What Factors Should You Consider?

There are several catalysts that could impact equity returns.

Back in 2010 Brazil’s GDP grew at 7.5%.  Then GDP growth slowed to 2.7 % in 2011.  And in 2012 Brazil’s GDP grew at around 1.5%. 

But Brazil should be able to grow at 3 – 4% in 2013 and beyond.  After all, Brazil’s central bank has slashed interest rates to a record low of 7.25% and Brazil’s Government has introduced a stimulus aimed at reducing the cost of doing business by investing in infrastructure.        

Those decisions should boost economic growth.

Add to that the widely cited fact Brazil will host the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics and you can begin to see how this out of flavor emerging market can come back.

Next consider that pension fund managers who are currently underweighting equities are going to shift money into equities once they become convinced that interest rates are going to stay low.

Now consider relative value, or the fact that the Brazilian index trades at a much higher earnings multiple than the India Sensitive Index (SENSEX), the Shanghai Composite Index (SHCOMP), and the Russia Micex Index (INDEXCF). 

That disparity concerns me – but not too much because I see converging interests between the United States and Brazil in reviving economic growth and an improved relationship between the two countries.  That contrasts sharply with our diverging interests with China and Russia. 

What Companies Should You Consider?

I am considering 4 companies: Petrobras (NYSE: PBR), Vale (NYSE: VALE), Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais Cemic (NYSE: CIG) and Itau Unibanco (NYSE: ITUB).

Petrobras and Vale are now trading at roughly 1/3 of their 2008 highs.  And Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais Cemic and Itau Unibanco are well off their 52-week highs.

An Oil Stock

Petrobras is a Brazil-based integrated oil and gas company.  Petrobras is approximately 10% of the Brazilian Index, so it is a stock that a lot of folks that invest in Brazil follow and own.  It is also a stock that left a sour taste in a lot of investors.  Over the past few years, the stock has underperformed the market.  The major concern with this company is that it is spending more than its cash flow.  In fact, Petrobras plans on spending $48.7 billion in 2013.  If we assume that the Brent Crude stays at $100, then that means that Petrobras will outspend its cash flow by several billion dollars.  To preserve cash, Petrobras recently cut its dividend.  In addition, policy makers capped fuel prices and the Brazilian Government is the majority shareholder.  

A Mining Company

Vale is a Brazil-based metals and mining company.  I previously wrote an article on Vale, A Bet on Chinese Growth and the Global Recovery.  That article highlights what I like about Vale such as Vale’s attractive valuation, exposure to emerging markets, cost advantages over its competitors, catalysts that will increase demand, rising iron ore prices – and an attractive entry point.  It also highlights my major concern: capital expenditures.              

A Utility

Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais Cemic is a Brazilian company in the electricity sector.  Shares of utilities fell sharply a few months ago when Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff announced plans to cut electricity rates to reduce customers’ costs and make companies more competitive.  It is unclear how much of an impact this will have on profitability as well as whether or not policies can achieve the same goals by reducing taxes instead.  That said, it is unclear how much longer the company can continue its generous dividend yield of more than 17%. 

A Bank

Itau Unibanco is a Brazil-based holding active in the banking sector.  On the positive side, Brazil has a burgeoning middle class, a lot of people who don’t have bank accounts, reserve requirements that are among the highest in the world, and it tends to payout a large portion of its earnings in the form of dividends.  On the negative side, margins and fees are under pressure and the Brazilian Government has increased its regulation of the industry.   

3 Factors to Consider

  1. Governmental Intervention will continue to confound investors.  The majority of investors find the Brazilian Government’s policies very confusing. 
  2. These companies all have reasonable valuations.  The price to earnings ratios of these companies range from a low of 3.5 to a high of around 8.3.                
  3. U.S. Foreign Policy will focus more and more on South America, especially Brazil.  During Obama’s second term, I expect to see more Brazilian and American global companies operating in both countries. 

My Foolish Take

Policy decisions will continue to have a material impact on these companies moving forward.  Earnings in Brazil, for example, are expected to rise as much as 25% next year because of the record-low interest rates.  Of the four companies, Vale is probably in the best position to benefit from this policy decision.   Brazilian banks, on the other hand, are seeing return on equity, a driver of profitability decline by as much as 25 – 50%.   

Overall, it appears as though the Brazilian Government may have learned from some of its previous mistakes.  New policies could improve Brazil’s ability to compete and catalyze growth.  Many of these companies such as Petrobras could reward patient investors over the long haul if its capital expenditures dramatically improve production capacity.  That is a very big if – so you might want to hold off on Petrobras.  All factors considered, many Brazilian stocks look fairly tempting given their attractive valuations and possible shifts in policies. 


RyanPeckyno has positions in Vale, Petrobras, and Companhia Energetica de Minas Gerais Cemic. The Motley Fool recommends Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (ADR). Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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