How Could This "Misleading" Company Be a Good Investment for Hedge Funds?

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Revlon (NYSE: REV) had quite a news flash last week as it agreed to pay a hefty $850,000 fine to the Securities and Exchange Commission for “misleading” shareholders. The SEC charged the beauty product company for deceiving its shareholders as well as independent directors regarding a “failed” transaction with Mr. Ronald Perelman, which would have turned the public company into a private one. While Revlon settled to charges by paying the fine, it did not admit or make any comment to deny the charges.

On a side note, billionaire businessman Ronald Owen Perelman actually owns the MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings, which has a three quarter stake in Revlon itself. Perelman seems to be paying fines to the SEC on a regular basis nowadays. More recently, one of his companies just settled with U.S. Department of Justice regarding a stock purchase - the second time this month alone. It agreed to pay $720,000 fine for the settlement.

The Beauty and the Competitors

As a holding company, Revlon operates via various wholly owned subsidiaries. Revlon is in the business of manufacturing, marketing and selling a number of cosmetics, beauty tools, hair color products, deodorants, skincare and other cosmetics products. Revlon is a world famous cosmetics brand and it competes at the very high end with other top cosmetics manufacturers such as Avon Products (NYSE: AVP) and L'Oreal SA.

As a whole, the cosmetics industry is quite expensive on an earnings multiple basis, mush higher than the S&P 500 average. However, Revlon’s valuation on an earnings basis is much smaller than competitors.  This could be due to the legal issues surrounding the company which could offer up an opportunity.  L'Oreal, however, also is valued at the same level.  If we value the companies on a free cash flow basis, Revlon is much cheaper.  Even though the margins on products of these two companies is similar, Revlon is a more efficient company and has a slightly higher return on assets.  

Avon, on the other hand, is losing a lot of money.  Their make-up products are lower margin than the others which makes it harder in the highly competitive section of the industry.  On the plus side, Avon does has positive free cash so they can pay out a dividend and cover interest.

In terms of future growth, L'Oreal will likely lead Revlon and Avon if projections are correct.

Market Is Growing, So Are Threats

Based on a recent study by Goldman Sachs, a company also dealing with accounting battles, the global beauty industry’s skin care segment is estimated to be worth $24 billion, with make-up worth $18 billion, hair-care products worth $38 billion and perfumes at $15 billion, which are growing at an astonishing 7% a year where OECD or developed countries are struggling to grow even half of that rate. The growth is fuelled by growing middle classes in the BRIC economies as well as emerging markets across South America and Southeast Asia.

While the growth potential of the cosmetic & beauty industry is all fine, intense competition among industry participants is a major threat. The competition is so fierce in this industry that on average these beauty firms spend only 2-3% of their budget on Research and Development but end up spending 20-25% on advertising and promotional activities, says Jacques-Franck Dossin, an analyst at Goldman Sachs. The huge marketing budgets have put pressure on the bottom line of Revlon as well. The situation became so critical in early 2000 that Revlon was on the verge of declaring bankruptcy.

Revlon’s sales had been stagnating and it had a huge debt problem. In 2011, Revlon had a debt-to-capital ratio of 229%, compared to an industry mean of 20-40%, and any investor would have considered it as a bigger threat than competitors.


The recent jump in Revlon’s stock attracted market makers and large hedge funds. According to Insider Monkey’s database, big name funds like Gotham Asset Management, Millennium Management, D E Shaw and Citadel Investment Group were all in this year. Overall, since giant hedge funds have started to show interest in Revlon, there is likely value in Revlon that investors need to be acknowledge. 

Mike Thiessen has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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