How Is This Company Trading Under Tangible Book Value?

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Incorporated in 2011, WPX Energy (NYSE: WPX) is an independent oil exploration and natural gas producer engaged in developing avant-garde, long-life natural resource assets. It took them only two years to become one of the top ten natural gas producers in the United States with average daily production of 1,251 MMcfe/d. It is wise to note that the people and management behind WPX are not new to the industry. It was created as a spin-off from Williams Companies, who has been operating in the energy sector since 1987.

Trading Under Tangible Book

As of June 13, the company was trading almost 25% less than its tangible book value (TBV). When WPX was spun off, the gas sector was at the low point and management had to cut back on expansion of its already planned gas rigs. Besides that, a number of factors played in the demise of WPX’s market capitalization. It owned almost a 70% stake at Apco Oil and Gas, which had operations in Argentina. When the Argentine government took control of YPF Sociedad Anonima, most oil & gas companies who had a stake in Argentina faced a sell-off. WPX’s stock lost almost 40% of its value during the event in 2012. Also, due to the falling gas prices, WPX’s revenue deteriorated by as much as 19% in the annual cycle, and as production was cut so was its stock price.

At the end of the day, most other oil & gas companies’ stock is trading almost 2.5 times their tangible book value, and WPX is demonstrating a sharp contrast. The noteworthy point is that 90% value of this company is held in tangible assets like machinery, equipment and lucrative properties, such as gas reserve bases in Piceance Basin of the Rocky Mountain region, Bakken Shale oil play in North Dakota and the Marcellus Shale natural gas play in Pennsylvania consisting of a total 4,473 Bcfe reserved natural gas.

Accounting Practices and Margin of Safety

Based on this fundamental margin of safety, it can be considered a deep value stock. If we drill a bit deeper, there are even better reasons to consider it a deep value stock. As a smaller company, WPX uses an accounting practice known as successful efforts (SE) in the oil & gas industry. Under this method, if any dry hole is found, the cost of drilling is immediately deducted from ongoing revenues. Good news is that an astounding 99% of WPX’s drilling efforts had produced something of value for the company so far. In contrast to larger companies who are drilling in volume with a rather hit-and-miss approach and hiding unsuccessful attempts for the whole operating cycle (a year in most cases) under the full cost (FC) accounting approach, WPX’s stock seems undervalued. Moreover, based on Aegis Fund’s shareholder letter for first quarter of 2013, the net asset value (NAV) per share for WPX is calculated at $31.16 - potential upside of 56.43% based on the current price of $19.92 per share. Since 90% of the company consists of tangible assets, this estimated margin of safety has some weight.

Competing against the Giants

Looking at the industry landscape, WPX mainly competes against much larger players such as Exxon Mobil (NYSE: XOM) and Chevron (NYSE: CVX). As a smaller company, WPX had been able to react faster, be more economical in spending and remain efficient in operational procedures, which allowed them to compete head on with industry giants.

The oil and gas sector has been gaining momentum since June 2012. Rising commodity prices along with macro factors led Exxon Mobil and Chevron to increase capitalization by 17.41% and 29.78% with 52-week price ranges of $79.78 – 93.67 and $98.17 – 127.40 respectively. In light of a massive revenue loss in 2012, WPX has done well compared to its competitors, as its stock climbed 50.46% in the last 12 months and is currently trading at $19.92 with a 52-week price range of $14.03 – 21.11. It is important to note that Exxon Mobil and Chevron have P/E ratios of 9.28 and 9.11 in contrast to the industry average P/E of 12.12. However, WPX has been expanding quickly since 2012, and their ROE was -5.94%. As a result their P/E ratio is currently negative.


As a smaller company, WPX is in a better position compared to larger competitors. When oil prices were falling, it could effectively cut back costs and production. Declining commodity prices always make smaller companies more competitive as production slows down and larger players can’t exploit the economies of scale, which act in their favor during growth periods. Since June 2012, WPX has been gaining momentum, and the company is trading way below its tangible book value with a considerable margin of safety as explained above. As natural gas consumption is likely to go up, WPX is in a unique position with upside potential that gives deep value investors a prospective opportunity.

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Mike Thiessen has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Chevron. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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