Weren't Not in Kansas Anymore
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Although its based in Kansas City, Mo., the company is far more than just the north to south rail operator connecting Kansas City, Mo. and Port Arthur, Texas that was founded in 1887. Kansas City Southern (NYSE: KSU) now operates some 6,600 miles of railroad and has investments in the U.S., Mexico, and Panama.
Its network helps connect Mexico, the Southeast and Southwest U.S. This includes its number of connections between Kansas City, Mo. and the Gulf of Mexico.
Revenue is expected to be up 8.1% in 2013, thanks to volume growth and stabilizing pricing. Kansas Southern expects mid-single-digit growth in both pricing and volume this year.
One of Kansas' biggest initiatives of late has been reducing debt. The company has reduced its debt-to-equity ratio from above 1 at the end of 2008 to approximately 0.6 last quarter.
Now, Kansas Southern is ready to funnel more cash flow to various growth opportunities. Analysts expect the company to be able to grow EPS at an annualized 15% over the next five years thanks to these growth initiatives.
The real beauty about Kansas Southern is that it's the only railroad company operating in both Mexico and the U.S. Its Mexico operations afford the company cheaper labor and transport costs. The company also has growth opportunities thanks to Mexico, where the company can ship raw materials into the country for processing and then "double dip" by returning the finished goods back to the U.S.
WIth auto production expected to rise in Mexico, this is a big positive for Kansas Southern. This includes plants by Honda and Nissan that are expected to be built in Mexico; Nissan's plant will go live this year, with Honda going operational in 2014.
The U.S. rail industry is highly concentrated, where CSX and Norfolk Southern (NYSE: NSC) operate on the East Coast, while Union Pacific (NYSE: UNP) and Burlington Northern run the West Coast. Norfolk operates 20,000 route miles serving 22 Eastern states. Union Pacific operates the largest U.S. railroad system, with over 32,000 miles of rail.
One of Norfolk's biggest competing sectors is trucking in the Heartland region. One of its other key initiatives includes double-stacking intermodal containers, which will boost efficiency.
Norfolk got around 20% of revenue from intermodal in 2012, where growth from this segment offset weakness in coal; coal made up 26% of 2012 revenue.
Norfolk also has strong free cash flow that allows it to provide solid buybacks and dividends to investors. In 2012, the company upped its dividend payment by 12% and 6% -- the company also has remaining authorization for repurchases of 22 million shares through 2014. Its balance sheet is also one of the top in the industry, with a debt-to-capital ratio of 45%.
Union Pacific is expected to grow revenue by 6% in 2013. The nice thing about Union Pacific is its mix of revenue. Energy accounted for 20% of revenue in 2012, intermodal 20%, industrial products 18%, chemicals 17%, agricultural products 17% and autos 9%.
The company hopes to reach an operating ratio target of 65% by 2017. Customer satisfaction is also of high priority. The company's customer satisfaction level was up to 94% in the first quarter.
Union Pacific boosted its annual dividend by 15% during 2012, putting its payout ratio to around 30%. Union Pacific also distributed $717 million to
shareholders via dividends and share repurchases last quarter; during 1Q, the railroad bought back nearly 2.9 million shares for $394 million, leaving 12.2 million shares under its current authorization.
On the surface, the Kansas City valuation isn't compelling. The stock trades well above its major peers…
However, I like Kansas Southern given the company's exposure to Mexico and the fact that analysts expect the company to grow EPS at an annualized 15% over the next five years. Although both Norfolk and Union Pacific operate on opposite sides of the country, they both have major competitors.
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