3 Reasons to Consider Bank Stocks Instead of Homeownership

Jay is a member of The Motley Fool Blog Network -- entries represent the personal opinion of the blogger and are not formally edited.

Conventional wisdom says that buying a home is a prudent and smart long term investment. Maybe it is. But maybe it's not.

If the Great Recession and Real Estate Crisis has done anything, it has caused us to ask the question: is homeownership really as smart as we're told it is?

3 Reasons to Re-Think Homeownership

1. Mortgage Loans - a double edged sword

Consider this: Goldman Sachs (NYSE: GS), the poster child for high flying Wall Street leverage, risk, and reckless abandon capitalism, currently operates with a 13.5 leverage ratio. This means that for every dollar they have in equity (net worth), they have $13.5 in debt. This equates to about a 7% down payment on a home.

Typically lenders prefer a 20% down payment, but we all know that the prevalence of mortgages with low down payments is still rampant and isn't going anywhere. Huge government bureaucracies exist to further this. The mortgage interest tax credit creates incentives individuals to take on more debt for the tax benefits.

Its also tempting because of the allure of the property appreciating, a topic we will discuss below. But as fallible human beings, we're far more likely to focus on the potential upside, rather than the potentially devastating downside that many Americans have painfully come to understand over the past 5 years.

Thinking about a mortgage loan through this lens is telling: as a household, are you and your family comfortable taking on the same leverage risks as the smartest guys on Wall Street?

2. Paying Interest is no different than paying rent

Assume you want to purchase a home that costs $250,000. You have some cash available and will be making a 20% down payment.  Your likely total monthly payment will be about $1,250, assuming a 4% rate and 30 year mortgage that includes principal, interest, taxes, and insurance.

For the first 5 years of that mortgage, only about $350 will be applied to the principal (about 28%). After 10 years that percentage only improves to 34%. So while you may own the house, you are still paying "rent" in the form of interest to the bank, taxes to the government, and insurance to manage risk.

So who specifically is the "landlord?"  Most likely it's Wells Fargo (NYSE: WFC). With 33% market share, Wells Fargo manages the servicing of over $1.9 trillion in mortgages. They had a 4th quarter end pipeline of $81 billion, up 18% year over year. 4th quarter mortgage originations were up 4% year over year to $125 billion. No other bank in the country capitalizes on the de facto decision for Americans to own their own home.

JP Morgan Chase (NYSE: JPM) is another likely recipient of your monthly mortgage payments. Second in market share at 10%, JP Morgan originated $192 billion in mortgages in 2012. The bank has over 5,600 branches and 4,700 dedicated mortgage bankers, who apparently are doing a very good job managing their customer's experience: JD Power's Mortgage Servicer Survey ranked JP Morgan as 1st in Client Satisfaction among the nation banks and 4th overall (behind 3 regional players--BB&T, Regions, and Suntrust).

3. You're leaving yield on the table

Imagine that our hypothetical home buyer described above purchased that home about 30 years ago in 1982. Adjusting for inflation, when that mortgage was paid off in 2012 the initial $50,000 investment would be worth $56,896 in real dollars. This 13.8% gain over 30 years on the initial $50,000 investment (again, adjusted for inflation), represents just $211.66 per year.

Addressing the same scenario, but ignoring inflation, the value of the home purchased would have increased 2.5 times (nominal median home price in 1982 was $66,376 versus $170,106 in 2012). The same $50,000 investment in the S&P 500 in 1982 would have returned 12.58 times by 2012.

Wells Fargo currently has a return on equity of 13.4% annually. JP Morgan has ROE of 10.9%, and Goldman Sachs has 10.8% ROE. Compare that to annualized return on investment of the home purchase scenario of just 0.30%.

It Boils Down to Risk and Reward

There are certainly valid reasons to invest in a home, and for many investors it is both prudent and profitable.

Studies have shown that neighborhoods with high percentages of homeownership have less crime and have a greater sense of community. There is a feeling of security and stability in owning your own home that is invaluable to raising a family. And of course there is the possibility that history does not repeat itself, and the real estate market outperforms the stock market over the next 30 years.

But to move forward with a home purchase without considering the alternatives is a mistake. The Financial Crisis taught us many things, perhaps most of all that there really are no sure things. For most Americans buying a house means taking on a significant debt burden, super concentrating their investment portfolio into real estate, and likely leaving a lot of yield on the table.

Instead of investing in a new home and paying Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, or Wells Fargo 2/3rds of your monthly payment, why not rent a place that rents for 2/3rds the cost of the payment, save the other 1/3rd in a savings account, CD, or bond fund, and then invest the cash for the downpayment in a diversified equities index fund? Think about it. Your net worth will thank you.

jayhjenkins has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Goldman Sachs and Wells Fargo. The Motley Fool owns shares of JPMorgan Chase & Co. and Wells Fargo. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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