A Fundamentally Strong Biotech Stock

Kanak is a member of The Motley Fool Blog Network -- entries represent the personal opinion of the blogger and are not formally edited.

Celgene (NASDAQ: CELG) surged 7% on Thursday, July 11, 2013 on news that the Phase III trials of Revlimid /dexamethasone combination showed that it could be an initial treatment for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients. This is indeed good news for the company after reports that Britain’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) may not recommend it for myelodysplastic syndromes in the U.K.

Revlimid, Celegene’s flagship blood cancer drug, has done very well in the first half of 2013 and increased its market share. After registering sales of $3.8 billion last year, the drug contributed $1 billion – 16.5% more than the same quarter prior year – to Celgene’s first quarter fiscal 2013 revenue.

Early this year, Revlimid got approval for the Chinese market under condition of an import license, meaning that a formal launch was imminent. Later in June, the FDA approved it as supportive treatment for mantle-cell lymphoma.

Spanner in the works

However, Britain’s NICE put a spanner in the works and issued a draft guidance saying that Revlimid was not worthy of the price tag it carried for treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes on concerns of uncertainty over whether it can improve survival in patients with serious bone marrow disorders.

If the draft guidance is confirmed, U.K.’s National Health System will not recommend Revlimid for use in Britain.

Good news soon followed in the shape of positive results from the Phase III clinical study termed Front-Line Investigation of Revlimid/Dexamethasone vs. Standard Thalidomide or FIRST. The primary goal of the study was progression-free survival (length of time during and after medication during which cancer being treated does not get worse). The secondary goals included response rate and overall survival rate, and safety and quality of life. The company said that the Revlimid/ dexamethasone combo helped patients live longer without the disease progressing as compared to a combination of melphalan, prednisone and thalidomide.

Looking up

Everything is going right for Revlimid and in turn for Celgene. The company is slated to reveal further information from the FIRST study in a medical conference later but whatever that information may be, the bottom line is that the results are solid. Revlimid, which is already a leading second-line treatment, could well get approved as a first-line treatment. For this purpose, the company intends to apply for expanded approval in the U.S. as well as Europe and other markets.

The study was one of the largest ever (more than 1,600 patients) on newly diagnosed patients of multiple myeloma. If approved for the new indication, Revlmid would then better compete with Millenium Pharmaceuticals’ (a division of Takeda Oncology Company) Velcade or bortezomib, the first proteasome inhibitor to be approved in the U.S. for treatment of multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma.

Kyprolis (carfilzomib) is another drug in the same class of proteasome inhibitors introduced by Onyx Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ: ONXX). Kyprolis for injection, however, is indicated for treatment of patients that have undergone at least two prior treatments for multiple myeloma. It is more of a competition for Celgene’s Pomalyst (pomalidomide), indicated for multiple myeloma patients that have received at least two therapies including Revlimid and Velcade.

Pomalyst has not been able to dominate the market against Kyprolis. However, considering that revenue from Revlimid continues to improve and sales of Vidaza (azacitidine), Celgene’s treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome, continue to increase despite competition from generics, it is highly unlikely that the impact would make any significant difference to Celgene’s future revenues.

Elotuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody, being developed by Bristol-Meyers Squibb (NYSE: BMY) in partnership with AbbVie is another drug that could have an impact on Celgene.  Actually, Celgene has a stake in the success of elotuzumab because it could be used with Revilimid.

After encouraging results of Phase II clinical trials, elotuzumab is currently in Phase III clinical investigation for treatment of relapsed-multiple myeloma. Actually, it is being studied in three different studies – one of which is in Phase II and would require Phase III clinical trials. The other two studies are in Phase III, which are likely to be completed by 2014 and 2018.


Celgene reports Q2 FY 2013 results on July 25, 2013. The company has been beating market expectations continuously for the last four quarters and there is no reason to doubt that it will not repeat its performance this time round as well.

Despite slow revenue growth in the most recent quarter, the company reported 46% increase in net income – up from $263.12 million in the quarter ended December 2012 to $384.90 million in the quarter ended March 2013 – mostly due to disciplined spending on selling, general and administrative expenses.

Biotech stocks tend to move up on news and Celgene is no exception particularly in light of positive results for Revlimid and expectation of more good news. I see further upside in Celgene stock. However, instead of betting on the momentum – the stock has appreciated more than 100% in one year and 73% YTD – I would prefer to stick to the time tested strategy of accumulating fundamentally strong stocks like Celgene whenever there is a slight or significant drop in price.

Dr. Kanak Kanti De has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool recommends Celgene. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. Is this post wrong? Click here. Think you can do better? Join us and write your own!

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